LANDOWSKA, WANDA

LANDOWSKA, WANDA (1879–1959), harpsichordist, pianist, and composer. Born in Warsaw, Landowska bean to play the piano at the age of four. She studied at the Warsaw Conservatory with Michaełowski and in Berlin (1896) with Moszkowski (piano and composition). In Paris (1900) she married Henry Lew, a writer on Hebrew folk music. Landowska was one of the first to revive harpsichord music and won renown in that field. Giving numerous concerts and lectures she reawakened interest in music of the Baroque period. She toured all over Europe including Russia. In 1912, the piano   maker Pleyel built her a special harpsichord. In 1913 she went to Berlin to teach harpsichord at the Musik-Hochschule. After World War I, Landowska taught in Basel and played a harpsichord continuo in the St. Matthew Passion – for the first time in the 20th century. In Paris, she taught at the Ecole Normale de Musique. Landowska founded her own Ecole de Musique Ancienne at Saint-Leu-la-Flôret, near Paris, for the study, teaching, and performance of early music. There, in 1933, she gave the first integral performance of Bach's Goldberg Variations. With the advent of Hitler, she was forced to leave the school. She fled to France and settled in the U.S. in 1941. At the age of 70 she recorded the complete Bach "48." Her performance style was an assertive one, highlighted by legato playing and variety of articulation. She developed modern harpsichord technique and played compositions written for her by several modern composers, such as Falla and Poulenc. Landowska was decorated by both the French and Polish governments. -ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Her books include Bach et ses interprèts (1906) and La musique ancienne (1909). Denise Restout edited a collection of her articles as Landowska on Music (1965). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Grove online; MGG; D. Marty, Une dame nommée Wanda (1993). (Claude Abravanel / Naama Ramot (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Landowska, Wanda — ▪ Polish musician in full  Wanda Louise Landowska   born July 5, 1879, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire died Aug. 16, 1959, Lakeville, Conn., U.S.  Polish born harpsichordist (harpsichord) who helped initiate the revival of the harpsichord in the… …   Universalium

  • Landowska, Wanda — (1877–1959)    Polish musician. Landowska grew up in Poland, settled in Paris in 1900, and emigrated to the United States in 1941. She was internationally renowned as a harpsichord player and teacher, and an authority on old music …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Landowska,Wanda — Lan·dow·ska (lăn dôfʹskə, län dôfʹskä), Wanda. 1879? 1959. Polish born harpsichordist who was largely responsible for the modern revival of interest in the harpsichord. * * * …   Universalium

  • Landowska,Wanda — (1879 1959)    Polish musician.She studied with the Chopin interpreter, Michalowski, at the Warsaw Conservatory. In 1895 she went to Berlin to study counterpoint and composition. In 1900 she eloped with the musician Henry Lew to Paris. From 1909… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Landowska, Wanda — ► (1877 1959) Pianista, clavecinista y compositora polaca. Fue considerada la virtuosa máxima del clavecín …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Landowska, Wanda (Louise) — born July 5, 1879, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire died Aug. 16, 1959, Lakeville, Conn., U.S. Polish born U.S. harpsichordist and pianist. After establishing herself as a pianist and devoting much energy to musicological research, she had a… …   Universalium

  • Landowska, Wanda (Louise) — (5 jul. 1879, Varsovia, Polonia, Imperio Ruso–16 ago. 1959, Lakeville, Conn., EE.UU.). Clavecinista y pianista estadounidense nacida en Polonia. Después de consagrarse como pianista y dedicar mucha energía a la investigación musicológica,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Landowska — Landowska, Wanda …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wanda Landowska — Naissance 5 juillet 1879 Varsovie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wanda Landowska — Wanda Landowska, porträtiert von Emil Orlík. Wanda (Aleksandra) Landowska (* 5. Juli 1879 in Warschau, damals Russisches Reich; † 16. August 1959 in Lakeville, Connecticut) war eine polnische Cembalistin und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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